Encyclopædia Britannica/Babylonia and Assyria - Wikisource, the free online library
Sort order. Start your review of A History of the Babylonians and Assyrians. Dec 11, Rindis rated it liked it Shelves: history , kindle. I picked up this book for free in the Kindle edition some time ago. Published in , it is long out of copyright, and offered by Lecturable, who seems to specialize in Kindle editions of older historical works.
- A History of the Babylonians and Assyrians.
- The True Story of Semiramis, Legendary Queen of Babylon.
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It is one of the first overview histories of ancient Mesopotamia written after archaeology efforts started in the region in the 19th century. This makes the scholarship well out of date, but accounting for that problem, it is a well done, and readable introduction to the subj I picked up this book for free in the Kindle edition some time ago. Or, it would be if the text was in better shape. It is, of course, an OCR scan of the book, but it seems to have gotten minimal, if any, editing. Words breaking with a space in the middle artifact of a word broken between lines, with a space inserted in place of the hyphen?
Any sort of minimal editing with a human pair of eyes would have found the bulk of the problems I saw. A turn of the century 19th to 20th history of the Mesopotamian world until the conquest of Cyrus. The work is mostly a recapitulation of all available resources up to around ; these resources are more numerous than might be imagined.
Subsequent research has led to a renumbering of some of the Assyrian rulers and alterations in the perceived chronology as well as, no doubt, reassessment of the primary source evidence. Having said that, few similar resources have been p A turn of the century 19th to 20th history of the Mesopotamian world until the conquest of Cyrus. Having said that, few similar resources have been published, which is why a work from over a century ago is in circulation. The author's insistence on keeping close to primary sources, and quoting them often, means that this work still has value after all these years.
Jul 28, John Randall rated it it was ok. Did not realize the book was published in so while interesting, it kept referring to other work in progress leaving one wanting for a more complete picture which should now be available. I learned some interesting tidbits from this book, but it was a dry read. It was written in the early s, so most likely some of this is not the author's fault, it's just an old book. It also annoyed me a bit that several of the dates are way off, like by a thousand years based on current scholarship.
Tough to get through but a great old book with a good start to these ancient civilizations. Oct 23, Edward and Christine Yi rated it it was amazing. Extensive research This is an extensive research about one of most mysterious periods of human history. It based on the fact with very fair position. Patrycja Szczudlo rated it really liked it Dec 03, GARY rated it it was ok Feb 05, Jon Michael Smith rated it it was ok May 24, David Shannon rated it really liked it Dec 22, William J Freschi, jr. Kelley Castle rated it liked it Sep 13, Vince rated it liked it Nov 24, Kimberly Lewis rated it liked it Dec 21, Tom rated it really liked it Nov 27, Anas Massoud rated it liked it Feb 23, The royal governor of the province of Syria, named Onnes, was struck by her beauty when he met her while inspecting the royal flocks.
After the wedding, he took Semiramis with him to Nineveh. Later, Onnes was sent to besiege the city of Bactra in central Asia. Missing his wife, he asked that she come to join him there. Not only did Semiramis travel to this remote spot to be with her husband, she also came up with a winning strategy that made the besieged city surrender. When he learned of this amazing feat, the Assyrian king wanted to meet the heroine and had her brought before him.
Onnes boldly refused but was subjected to so many threats by King Ninus that he finally committed suicide. The widowed Semiramis married Ninus and became the queen of Assyria. Within a few years of the marriage, King Ninus died. Writers credited Semiramis with founding Babylon, and building its walls shown here, reconstructed, in the background. In reality, Babylon was founded long before Semiramis. Its major building works were carried out by Nebuchadrezzar II, two centuries after her death.
Setting out to emulate the agenda of her late husband, she is said to have ordered a new city to be built on the banks of the Euphrates—-Babylon. Diodorus Siculus even suggests that Semiramis erected not only the city but also its other features: the royal palace, the temple of Marduk, and the city walls. Other Greco-Roman authors, including Strabo, claimed that Semiramis had been behind the fabulous hanging gardens of Babylon, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
The historical evidence in no way supports their claims.
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Diodorus Siculus tells how, after the construction of Babylon, Semiramis launched several military campaigns to quash uprisings in Persia to the east and in Libya in North Africa. Later, Semiramis organized the most notable and difficult campaign of all: an invasion of India. But despite her careful planning, the invasion was a disaster, and the queen was injured. Tradition holds that Semiramis built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. If such gardens existed, they were most likely in Nineveh, whose lush landscaping features on this seventh-century B. During her campaign in Africa, Semiramis had stopped in Egypt and consulted the oracle of the god Amun, which prophesied that her son Ninias would conspire against her and kill her.
Following the failed conquest in India, the prophecy came true. But in this telling of her life, she wisely decided not to fight her son.
Babylonia and Assyria: Selected full-text books and articles
Instead she peacefully ceded power to him. Other histories provide different endings. The first-century A. The Amorites were a Semitic tribe that moved into central Mesopotamia. King Hammurabi of the city of Babylon is the most famous of the Amorite rulers. Hammurabi founded an empire known as the Babylonian Empire, which was named after his capital city.
Hammurabi ruled from about BC.
Babylonia and Assyria
The beginning of Hammurabi's reign was peaceful. As a defensive measure, Hammurabi had the walls around Babylon improved, and through diplomacy , made allies with many of the cities north of Babylon. In the last ten years of his reign , Hammurabi conquered Lower Mesopotamia. He used the Euphrates river to his advantage. Hammurabi held back the waters of the Euphrates, ruining the crops of lower cities, then he released the water and flooded his enemies. In this way Hammurabi ruled most of Mesopotamia.
The Babylonian Empire. Notice the location of Babylon, where the Tigris and Euphrates rivers run close to one another. You can see that the city-state of Ur is now under control of the Babylonians. The Zagros Mountains are where the ancient Mesopotamians believed their gods lived. Here is a replica of one of the Steles discovered with the Code of Hammurabi, it is meant to resemble an index finger. The fingernail shows Hammurabi standing, receiving the laws from the seated sun-god, Shamash. In this way the laws could not be changed and were posted for all to see, though few people could read. You can read some of the laws from the Code of Hammurabi, which I found listed online; what do you think about these laws?
If someone cuts down a tree on someone else's land, he will pay for it.
cracsaranhofsma.ml If someone is careless when watering his fields, and he floods someone else's by accident, he will pay for the grain he has ruined. If a man wants to throw his son out of the house, he has to go before a judge and say, "I don't want my son to live in my house any more. If the reasons are not good, the man can't throw his son out. If the son has done some great evil to his father, his father must forgive him the first time.
But if he has done something evil twice, his father can throw him out. If a thief steals a cow, a sheep, a donkey, a pig, or a goat, he will pay ten times what it is worth.