Download e-book Healthy Parents, Healthy Baby: A Guide to Conception & Pregnancy

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Make sure you are fully immunized to prevent potential fetal harm. For example, if you have never had German measles rubella or the rubella vaccination or are unsure, tell your doctor. If a blood test shows that you have no immunity, you can be vaccinated. You should then wait at least 3 months after being vaccinated before you try to get pregnant. As a part of your physical checkup, you may want to ask for a prepregnancy examination. Such an examination can help you find out risks to you or your potential children from pregnancy. This knowledge may help you decide whether you wish to see a family medicine doctor or midwife for your care during pregnancy or whether you require the care of a specialist.

It may also help you decide what tests you want to have done during pregnancy. If you have a condition such as diabetes or high blood pressure, be sure to talk with your doctor about what this means for your pregnancy. Find out what you need to do to manage your condition and be ready for pregnancy.

Talk to your doctor about whether to have screening tests for diseases that are passed down through families genetic disorders.

Your odds of getting pregnant

Screenings for genetic disorders include those for:. If you use an intrauterine device IUD , arrange to have it removed. If you have been taking the Pill oral contraception or using birth control shots such as Depo-Provera , try to wait until you've had your first full menstrual period before you try to conceive. After your last birth control shot, it may take as long as 1 year for your period to come back. Understanding how pregnancy occurs and using fertility awareness can help increase your chances of becoming pregnant.

Keep track of your menstrual cycle and when you have sexual intercourse. This information will help in figuring out your due date and your fetus's gestational age after you become pregnant. Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.

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British Columbia Specific Information Every day, we make choices about the food we eat and our lifestyles.

Nutrition During Pregnancy—Eating Right for Two

Top of the page. Topic Overview Even though you're not pregnant yet, you might already be thinking about which room to turn into the baby's room and how to decorate it. Talk to your doctor about your medicines Before trying to conceive, talk to your doctor about any medicines or natural health products you are taking.

Eat well Choose healthy foods instead of junk food. Eat a balanced diet. Pregnancy is not the time to lose weight.

Healthy Pregnancy Tips From the CDC

If you want to lose weight, do it before becoming pregnant. Don't go on a crash diet, because you may end up with a nutritional deficiency that could be harmful to you or the baby. Take a daily vitamin-mineral supplement. Taking a supplement that contains 0. Talk to your health care professional about how much folic acid you need. Make lifestyle changes Quit smoking.

If you need help quitting, talk to your doctor about stop-smoking programs and medicines. These can increase your chances of quitting for good. Cut down on caffeinated drinks , such as coffee, tea, and cola drinks.

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Stop drinking alcoholic beverages. Alcohol can severely harm a developing fetus. Another option, according to Dr. Eisenberg, is to use over-the-counter ovulation kits, which are a bit like at-home pregnancy tests. You pee on a stick, which measures luteinizing hormone. So, for the best chances of conception, have enough sex in the time leading up to that brief window.

Experts also recommend following basic health practices — such as sleeping on a regular schedule; avoiding alcohol and cigarettes; maintaining a healthy weight being underweight or overweight can contribute to infertility and following a balanced diet — to improve your odds of getting pregnant. As with any medical treatment, your health insurance if you have it will largely determine which fertility doctors you can see without having to pay fully out of pocket. Consider asking: What are the live-birth success rates?

What sort of testing do they do? When doctors answer, Dr. But in many cases, the male partner is responsible as well, so both partners should get fertility testing from the start.

How to Prepare Your Body for Pregnancy: In 30 Days

The type of testing you receive will depend on your sex and situation, said Dr. Janet Choi, M. For most women, Dr. Choi said, basic testing starts with blood work to check for certain infections and hormone levels — the latter of which is part of an ovarian reserve test to estimate how many eggs you have left. There may also be a blood test to check thyroid levels, since certain thyroid disorders can affect the menstrual cycle or increase the chances of miscarriage. Next comes a transvaginal ultrasound, which is another part of an ovarian reserve test.

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A practitioner will insert a wand-like instrument into the vagina, allowing her to visualize the reproductive organs and to check the ovaries for cysts or other abnormalities, as well as to get an idea of how many eggs are left. Your doctor may also order an X-ray called a hysterosalpingogram H. A practitioner will thread a tube through the cervix and inject an iodine dye into it, which fills the uterus and flows through the fallopian tubes; the X-ray picks up the dye to show whether the uterus is shaped normally and whether the fallopian tubes are blocked.

Comparatively speaking, most men have it easy when it comes to basic fertility testing: A doctor might order blood work to scan for certain infections or to check if hormone levels are normal. Men will also probably be asked to produce a sperm sample so that a practitioner can assess how much sperm is in the semen, how well they can move and how they are shaped. If the sperm fall short in any category, they may have a harder time reaching the egg — and the man may have to go through additional testing. As with fertility testing, the type of infertility treatment you receive will depend on your unique health and medical history.

For example, your doctor may prescribe oral drugs such as clomid or letrozole, which increase the odds of pregnancy by boosting the number of eggs you release during ovulation. Your doctor might instruct you to combine oral drugs with sex at home; or to time taking them with ovulation or with an in-office procedure called an intrauterine insemination IUI , in which a clinician prepares a sperm sample then inserts it directly into the uterus to increase the odds of conception.

Choi typically recommends moving more quickly to more aggressive treatments, such as in vitro fertilization I. Here, the idea is to fertilize the egg outside of the body and then put the resulting embryo back in. To read more about I. Fertility treatments will also vary for people who are single, in same-sex relationships or transgender. Women in same-sex partnerships will also need to decide which partner should carry the baby, which will depend on preference, age and health. It is also possible for one partner to harvest eggs and the other to carry the embryo, a process sometimes called reciprocal I.